Surface characteristics, evaluation and maintenance of roads
General methodology for sectioning in the maintenance of municipal roads (77.0510)
In the municipal sector, it is the task of the building authorities to ensure an economic value and to guarantee the usability and traffic safety of the traffic infrastructure under the respective municipal boundary conditions. One of the important bases for systematic road maintenance is knowledge of the road condition and its development over time. Within the framework of maintenance management, the surface condition of traffic areas is monitored by means of periodic metrological and visual condition assessments. The aim is therefore to develop a practice-oriented procedure for municipal road maintenance in order to aggregate condition data ultimately into maintenance sections, considering the type of survey (metrological/visual) and municipal-specific influences.
Network-wide early detection of AKR-damaged concrete road pavements with high-speed measuring systems (04.0310)
Within the condition recording and evaluation (ZEB), the substance characteristics (surface) of the road surfaces are recorded by measuring vehicles using high-speed imaging methods. During the subsequent surface image evaluation, no independent characteristic to be coded is currently defined for damage caused by the so-called alkali silica reactions (ASR) in concrete construction. Experience shows that the damage process of the ASR is influenced by many boundary conditions and that the degree of damage progresses differently. The planning of a structural maintenance measure in the case of a proven ASR is unavoidable. Early detection offers possibilities for time planning. If necessary, measures can be taken to slow down the damage process. Within the framework of the project, the possibilities for early detection of a concrete roadway damaged by ASR are therefore to be investigated. The focus here will be on the requirements for network-wide and fast-moving detection. When designing the concept, care must be taken to ensure that it can be integrated into the ZEB's current standardised procedure.
Extended road monitoring and assessment (ZEB) for structural maintenance planning (3114001)
Both traffic safety aspects and the structural condition of roads are important decision-making criteria in maintenance planning. Against this background, the features of skid-resistance, longitudinal and transverse levelness as well as substance features (surface) are included in road monitoring and assessment. In recent years, the image quality of the road monitoring and assessment data has improved greatly so that more detailed statements on the degree of damage can be made. Further analyses of road monitoring and assessment data for the planning of structural maintenance measures have been increasingly discussed. They include the assessment of cracks and repairs (asphalt method of construction) and the early recognition of ASR damage on concrete road surfaces. Technical committees also discuss the extent to which information on damage in the road structure can be obtained based on the type and degree of damage. This is of particular interest because there is currently no method with which the substance of the road pavement can be reliably assessed throughout the network. Against this background, the possibilities of and limits to the analysis of road monitoring and assessment data are to be examined within the scope of the project in order, for example, to make further interpretations when planning the structural maintenance and obtain statements in the long term on the development of the condition of the road network.
Cooperation between Rijkswaterstaat and BASt on SKM measurements (3116001)
Rijkswaterstaat (RWS) is in a project of changing its present Dutch national skid resistance standard to the German SKM-standard. ln contrast to the present situation, after the transition RWS will no Ionger secure the quality of the skid standard in the Netherlands and will not have and operate skid devices to conduct checks on measurements executed by contractors. Although RWS will adopt the SKM-standard it is recognized that, in particular due to the application of porous asphalt surface layers on RWS-network, not all German SKM-prameters may apply. Therfore RWS will conduct research in this topic.
Extending the Use of the Weighted Longitudinal Profile to Construction-Related Applications and its Comparison with Existing Acceptance Procedures (04.0286)
The Weighted Longitudinal Profile (WLP) is described in the document TP Even – Contactless Measurements. Previous research projects have already established its usefulness for purposes of road condition documentation and assessment (ZEB) and established an appropriate assessment basis for it. The procedure has now been incorporated into European standardisation and therefore confirmed in principle. As a result of earlier target objectives, the WLP assessment was only applied to 100 or 20 metre-long sections of road respectively. In the context of construction-related applications, however, it is the case that the creation of single 100 or 20 metre-long measurements is not expedient. In such cases, there are actually no validated approaches providing for the precise measurement of the longitudinal evenness of a road. In particular, there is no precise universal standard governing the way in which the frequency of tolerance violations is to be documented in a test report. The lack of studies regarding the compatibility of existing contact or non-contact acceptance procedures and the WLP are currently preventing this procedure from being introduced as an acceptance procedure. This research project therefore seeks to close these gaps and to pave the way for opening up the acceptance procedure to non-contact measurement procedures.
The quality of the road surface is a key factor in reducing the occurrence of road accidents, noise pollution and exhaust emissions. In Europe, the methods of collecting and evaluating data on road surfaces vary widely. In order to meet the above targets, a harmonisation of methods at a European level is necessary. The aim of this project is the development and/or harmonisation of measurement processes which assess the grip, noise emissions and the rolling resistance of road surfaces as a precursor to standardisation. To achieve this, the project follows the recommendations of preceding projects whilst taking into account ongoing work in the CEN and ISO.